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Check – a lengthwise separation of the wood that usually extends across the rings of annual growth and commonly results from the stresses set up in the wood during seasoning

Clear – free of knots and other defects

Cuttings – clear wood measured around knots for determining grade

Double-end Trimmed – trimming both ends of the board to uniform lengths

Edged – to remove bark (wane)

Grade – the quality of a board that is determined by National Hardwood Lumber Association rules

Graded – the process by which the number, width, and length of clear cuttings can be obtained from the board is determined by use of the NHLA rules

Lumber - logs which have been sawn into boards

Scaled – the process of determining the board footage of a log

Wane – lack of wood (bark)